Choosing the President: A Modest Proposal

The Problem

The way we choose Presidents in the United States is flawed.

It’s too easy for someone with little or no experience to be elected. Requiring just an age and citizenship worked fine when the job was just the implementer of Congress’ will, but the role has expanded, and the requirements should expand with it.

It’s also too easy for a President to win office with a minority of the vote. For a position that is supposed to represent the direct choice of the voters, this is unbearable.

Proposed Solution

I think a few small tweaks to the process of choosing the President would fix these two issues:

  1. Abolish the Electoral College in favor of direct election
  2. Require experience in Congress before being eligible to run for President

The Electoral College

The first is something that’s been called for before, and needs to happen soon. The role of the President has evolved over time to one that claims to speak for the country as a whole. That claim cannot be made (though it has been) if the President is not in fact elected by a majority of the population.

To go one step further, I think we should require a President to win more than 50% of the vote in order to take office. If, after the initial ballot, no one has more than 50% of the vote, the top-two vote-getters should participate in a run-off election.

Congressional Experience

Getting to the Presidency should be a multi-stage process. In order to serve as President, you have to have first served at least one full term as a Senator. In order to serve as a Senator, you have to have served at least one full term in the House of Representatives.

Notice that experience on the state level doesn’t count. And it shouldn’t: working at the federal level of government is a completely different thing. The responsibilities are greater. The choices are tougher. And the impact of the decisions made is wider.

In a parliamentary system, the kind of experience I’m advocating happens automatically. No one gets to be Prime Minister without first getting elected to the legislature, and then spending time writing national laws and seeing their impacts.

A presidential candidate with two terms of experience has a record, one that voters can use to evaluate how well they’d do the job. Did they compromise when they could in order to make progress? Did they object to everything and do nothing? Did they fulfill their promises? Did they promise too much?

And a President that’s worked in Congress knows its rules and methods. They’ll have allies (and enemies) in the legislature, people to work with in running the government. They’ll have seen laws they wrote interpreted by the courts. They’ll be more successful, in other words, because they’ll know how to get along with the other major branches.

Objections

“If we remove the Electoral College, it’ll deprive the smaller states of some of their power in presidential elections.”

True. But when we elect governors of states, we don’t worry about disenfranchising the smaller counties. It’s because the governor has to be in charge of the executive branch for the whole state, not just a portion of it.

Similarly, the President has to serve the country as a whole, not be tied to any one state or region. Thus giving any weight to the votes of one state versus another doesn’t make sense.

“Voters should decide if someone is qualified. Anything else is undemocratic.”

This one I struggle with. Certainly I don’t want to go back to the days of deals made in smoke-filled rooms, with the will of the populace a small consideration, if any. And I don’t want to give the individual political parties more control over who runs and who doesn’t.

But I think in terms of goals. What is the goal of representative democracy? Is it to reduce our reps to mere pass-through entities, automatically doing whatever the majority says to do?

I don’t think so. I think there’s no point in having representatives, if those representatives aren’t supposed to use their judgement. Think of the rep that constantly updates their opinions based on the latest poll, and how we view them with contempt. Rightly so, in my view; if they don’t stand for anything except the exercise of power, they don’t deserve to wield it.

And I think republics aren’t born in a vaccum; we didn’t all come together (all 350 million of us) and decide to create a federal system with elected representatives. Instead, a republic is a compromise between the powerful and the people. We give our consent to their use of power, so long as that power is constrained by both law and elections.

In that sense, the most democratic thing is for us to set constraints on who among the powerful can run for office. We, the people, want the best candidates, not just the best speakers or the richest or the ones with the most fervent supporters. Leaving the field wide open puts us at the mercy of demogogues. Narrowing the scope of possible candidates puts constraints on their power, not on ours. We still have the final say, on Election Day.

Conclusion

Will these changes fix our democracy? No. There’s too much that needs fixing, from gerrymandered districts to the Imperial Presidency to the outsize influence of money in elections.

But they will give us better candidates for the Presidency. And they will ensure no one holds that office that doesn’t command the consent of a majority of voters.

Those two changes will make other changes easier. Better candidates will mean better Presidents, and better Presidents will mean better government.

And that’s something we can all, right and left alike, agree we need.

5 thoughts on “Choosing the President: A Modest Proposal

  1. He
    “‘Voters should decide if someone is qualified. Anything else is undemocratic.’

    This one I struggle with. Certainly I don’t want to go back to the days of deals made in smoke-filled rooms, with the will of the populace a small consideration, if any. And I don’t want to give the individual political parties more control over who runs and who doesn’t.”

    Those back-room deals are kinda done now: it’s generally based on who can raise the most capital. Instead of the insane rhetoric, and brutal attack adds, it would be better if ads simply reflected where we could educate ourselves. Candidates should present comprehensive outlines for their positions which are readily available for anyone to get their hands on. The rhetoric should be toned down on both sides and the debates should focus not on random talking points or personal attacks against an opponent, but rather on their individual plans to take action on the subject. And I think that if a potential candidate cannot follow the basic rules of decorum during a debate, there should be a punishment of sorts. Not necessarily being tossed out of the running, although that’s not an unfair response (if you’re on the debate team in high school and decide personal attacks on your opponent is the way you want to go, your team is warned once to stop, then if it continues, then your team loses and has willfully chosen to forfeit). If High School students, who are almost always labeled as negatives (stoners, mean girls, etc.) can come together and act like civil human beings, adults should be required to do the same.

    Elections should be won or lost based on a person’s stance on issues and ability to express those views in accordance with their values, not on fear, intimidation, or personal attacks. Unfortunately, our country has accepted attack ads aimed and smearing another candidate. And “talking points” have been reduced to four word topical answers (if an answer even happens) followed by a complete barrage of negative messages.

    As an example: LBGTQ rights should not be discussed using fear tactics. People who identify with another gender are not going to “change genders” indiscriminately to see little girls pee. That’s a red herring and nothing more. There are opinions on both sides of the aisle, and candidates for ANY position in government should make their beliefs known before an election so that the electorate can chose the one that speaks to their stance.

    Whatever your stance on any given subject, whether it’s gun control, immigration, or civil rights, the electorate should know where you stand and have the ability to openly and freely vote on someone who is more in-line with their personal views. Deciding to frighten the population with smear-campaign style messages (every commercial on TV is doing just that) is neither helpful or productive. People who don’t understand the issues will either vote because they are frightened by an add, or vote because they always pick by party because the ads and overall messages are not important to their lives. Or not vote at all because there is nothing worth voting for based on the information being dolled out to them every five seconds on TV. Instead, build a website where all candidates can put up a comprehensive plan for the country and let the electorate be educated about all topics. Maybe, we can then live in a true democracy.

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  2. I know that was long, sorry. But I have strong feelings about the subject.

    And the “he” up top was a typo but I don’t know where it came from or why it’s there. Sorry.

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  3. No worries on the length! Thanks for taking the time to put your thoughts down 🙂

    Re: ads and debates: I agree they should be more substantial, and less about scoring sound bites. But how do we get there? Should we regulate what kind of ads can be shown? Should we move away from privately-sponsored debates and towards a system where they’re government-run (and thus can have standard rules, etc)?

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  4. I honestly don’t know the answers to any of those questions: yet. I can think about it. But my gut reaction is that the PEOPLE can effect change in this area. If the attack adds are not acceptable and we voice that loud enough, maybe someone will take note. Especially if we use our voices and power properly and wield it carefully. I will def give more thought.

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